An Anti-Personnel Charge is designed to kill or maim typically with small quantities of explosives and may or may not involve fragmentation.   

Beginning in WW I, special charges with firing devices were developed for use against specific targets such as a group of soldiers.  Thus evolved the first factory anti-personnel charge.

Since WW II, the U.S. has continued to improve its anti-personnel warfare potential resulting in the current family of standard U.S. mines and grenades.

During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 and 1905, grenades were used for the first time on a massive scale in both offensive and defensive operations.

The grenades used by the Japanese were the first to feature a time delay.

The Germans studied Japanese grenades with interest and saw the potential of such a weapon.

By 1913, the Germans had developed the Famed “Potato Masher” featuring the first reliable mechanical time fuse.

The grenades being used today are in many respects representative samples of the entire history of the development of grenades.


Designed to maim or kill a person carrying out a limited action, normally by stepping on the mine.  These are called BLAST type mines. Designed to maim or kill personnel within an extended radius from the mine. 


lAfter the invention of gunpowder, a common military tactic was to tunnel underneath enemy positions, and blow them up w/explosives placed at the end of the tunnel. 

lMost commonly used weapons used to attack people/vehicles/ships.

  l60% casualties to Sri Lankan forces caused by mines (2 yr.. Period).

 lSimple (mechanical/electrical) detonator, & explosive